The Association Between Sleep Quality with Premenstrual Syndrome in SMAN 1 Godean

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Afi Lutfiyati
Masta Hutasoit
Novita Nirmalasari

Abstract

Adolescent reproductive problems will lead to malnutrition, late growth, disease, and stres. During puberty, about 80-90% of woman will experience PMS symptoms. One of the factors that cause PMS from lifestyle factors is the quality of sleep. Poor sleep patterns could increase the severity of PMS symptoms. Woman who have poor sleep quality are more likely to experience moderate to severe PMS symptoms. The symptoms of PMS will be even more intense when the woman continues to experience pressure.This study aimed to determine the association between sleep quality with the incidence of premenstrual syndrome. The methods were using quantitative research design with a cross-sectional approach. Samples were taken using stratified random sampling technique, namely 99 students of class XI at SMAN 1 Godean. Retrieval of data using google form, namely in July 2020. The research instrument was a questionnaire. The results of the study were analyzed by bivariate using Somer’s test. Results: shows in the characterictics of the respondents, most of the female students were at the age of 17 years with a total of 62 students (62.6%), most of the menstrual habits in the routine category were 87 students (87,9%). Most of the sleep quality was poor as many as 70 (70,7%) of students, while the most incidence of PMS was in the category of no-mild symptoms as many as 73 (73,7%). There were an association between sleep quality with premenstrual syndrome with value of p=0.001 (OR=7.043; 95%CI=1.542-32.164). In other words, students with poor sleep quality will be at risk of 7.043 experiencing PMS with moderate-severe symptoms. Researchers suggest to students at SMAN 1 Godean if they have problems with poor sleep quality, they can consult health workers to maintain and improve sleep quality as an effort to prevent PMS

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