The Factors Influencing Pre Eclamsia In Pregnant Women At Puskesmas (Public Health Center) In Banyuanyar Surakarta

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Nur Rakhmawati
Yunita Wulandari

Abstract

Introduction: Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) is one of the indicators to see the health status of women. The latest report from WHO, in 2018 estimates that pre-eclampsia accounts for 70,000 maternal deaths and 500,000 infant deaths annually in the world.


Aims: This study aims to describe the factors that influence pre-eclampsia in pregnant women.


Methods: This study is an observational analytic study with a cross sectional approach. Sampling is done by consecutive sampling with the analysis using multiple logistic regressions. The population of this study is 40 pregnant women who checked their pregnancy in puskesmas (Public Health Center), Banyuanyar Surakarta.


Results: there is a significant effect of knowledge background on pre-eclampsia in pregnant women with a p value of 0.036 <0.05. There is a significant effect hypertension historical background on pre-eclampsia in pregnant women with p value 0.014 <0.05, and also there is a significant effect on the completeness of ANC on pre-eclampsia in pregnant women with a p value of 0.027 <0.05. In addition, there is a significant effect of BMI on pre-eclampsia in pregnant women with p value 0.013 <0.05. Nevertheless, there is no significant age effect on pre-eclampsia in pregnant women 0.244> 0 ,05. There is also no significant effect of parity on pre-eclampsia in pregnant women with p value 0.449> 0.05.


Conclusion: The most influential factor is a historical background of hypertension with an Odd Ratio value of 401.76 which means that mothers who have  history of hypertension are 401.76 times more likely to experience pre-eclampsia during pregnancy than mothers who do not have a historical background of hypertension.

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