The Effectiveness of Using Video and Leafleat on Hand Washing Behavior in Prevention of Diarrhea

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Isti Antari
Santria Dewi Riandani
Ignasia Nila Siwi

Abstract

The results of the  Basic Health Research in 2018 showed that the behavior of washing hands with soap in the community was still low, including in school-age children by 49.8%. Hand washing behavior has a significant relationship with the incidence of diarrhea in school-aged children. One effort to provide health education in schools is through health promotion. Health promotion can be carried out using various methods and media that are tailored to the target. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of health education using video media and leaflets on hand washing behavior in Bintaran Yogyakarta Elementary School. This research is an experimental research. The research subjects were all students in grade IV SD Bintaran with 44 students, using a purposive sampling technique with a sample of 32 students, as many as 16 students in the intervention group and 16 in the control group. Data collection techniques by interview and observation of elementary school students in Bintaran. Data analysis was performed with the Mann Whitney test to see differences in the effect of video and leaflets on hand washing behavior. The test results showed that the average value of the intervention group was 22.88 and the average value of the control group was 10.12. Sig value obtained by using the Mann Whitney test of 0,000, because the value of sig. of 0,000 or p-value <0.05, it can be said that there is a significant difference between the provision of health education with video media compared to the media leaflets. This means that health education with video media is more effective than leaflet media.

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