Reducing Stigma of Mental Disorders Through Social Contact and Psychoeducation Programs

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Isti Antari
Arif Tirtana

Abstract

The stigma of mental disorders does not only affect the client with mental disorders, but also the community around the client. Approaches to reducing stigma and discrimination are education, contact and protest. This study is a quasi-experimental study with a pre-post test design approach with control group. The study was conducted in the village of Sonosari Tegaltirto Berbah Sleman, with a purposive sampling technique of 45 PKK mothers with inclusion criteria willing to follow all procedures. The stigma level was measured before the intervention and immediately thereafter and 2 weeks after the intervention. Descriptive data analysis was carried out by presenting the frequency distribution data and then performed the Paired T Test. The mean value before the action was 127.51 with a standard deviation of 11.14, while the mean value after the action was 127.96 with a standard deviation of 12.8. The results of the Paired T-test showed a sig value of 0.784 (p> 0.05) which means that there is no average difference between the stigma level of the pretest and posttest community, which means that there is no effect of giving psychoeducation and social contact programs in reducing community stigma against people with mental disorders.

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